ВОШ Школьный этап ответы и задания для 5-6, 7-8, 9-11 классов олимпиады по английскому языку школьный этап 2020-2021 всероссийской олимпиады школьников (ВсОШ). Олимпиада проходит во всех школах города Москвы с 16 по 20 сентября 2020 г.
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Интересные задания 5-6 класс
ReadingTime: 20 minutesMaximum points –10Read the text and decide if sentences are True, False, or this information is not mentioned in the text –Not Stated.Easy WritingHave you ever heard of Lazlo Biro? He invented the ballpoint pen (the biro). His invention has made writing a lot easier for everyone.In the 1930s Lazlo Biro worked for a newspaper in Budapest in Hungary. While writing his articles he used an ink pen which left a lot of ink stains on paper. He often watched the newspaper being printed by huge printing machines. Biro noticed that the ink used in the printing machines dried very quickly. He wondered if this quick-drying ink could be used in pens. He had the idea of using a tube of quick-drying ink with a ball at the end. He found that when you wrote with it, the ball allowed ink to flow out of the tube and on to the paper. Because it dried quickly it did not smudge like ordinary ink.Biro was very excited by his discovery. His pen was much easier and smoother to write with. It was especially helpful to left-handed people. With the pen, it was possible to write up to 200,000 words before the ink ran out. It was even possible to write on rough surfaces.Another advantage of the ballpoint pen was that it was cheap. You just threw it away when the ink ran out and got another one!Unfortunately, before he was able to patent* his invention, the Second World War broke out. Biro went to Brazil. There, he and his brother George began to improve the design of the pen. In the early 1940s they began to manufacture a new pen, but they did not have enough money to start a big company.In 1944 he sold his business to an Englishman named Henry Martin. Martin produced thousands of Biro pens. He sold many to the men and women in the American and British armies. People liked the pens very much. They were convenient and easy to carry around and they could be used anywhere. They were cheaper than fountain pens. Later, Martinsold the business to a French company called BIC. This company now sells twelve million pens a day.Biro was pleased that his pen was so popular, but he did not make a lot of money from his invention. He died quite a poor man in South America. However, his name is not forgotten. It has become an everyday word.*When an inventor patents something, this prevents others from using the invention without permission.
1.Biro was a Hungarian journalist.( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
2.Biro’s birthday is celebrated in some countries as Inventors’ Day. ( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
3.Biro invented his pen without seeing a printing machine at work.( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
4.The ink used in printing machines was different from ordinary ink. ( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
5.You can write longer with a ballpoint pen than with an ink pen. ( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
6.The new pen could write not only on paper. ( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
7.In the 1940s Biro brothers’ business was rather successful. ( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
8.Biro sold his business to BIC. ( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
9.Fountain pens were cheaper and easier to use.( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated10.Biro’s name is still honored by his relatives in South America.( ) True( ) False( ) Not Stated
Интересные задания 7-8 класс
ReadingTime: 20 minutesMaximum points –11Task 1Read the text below and mark the facts as True or False.Russians call it the Mendeleev periodic table, while in other countries people drop the name of the Russian chemist Dmitry Mendeleev –the scientist who came up with the concept that atomic weights of elements largely predetermine their physical and chemical properties. In the anticipation of an anniversary of this discovery (1869-1870), we decided to find out more interesting facts from the director of the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research, who kindly agreed to answer our questions. Can you tell us about the history of this discovery and its importance nowadays?It’s amazing but Mendeleev based his classification on 63 elements only, of which just 48 had atomic weights precisely determined at that time. Others had not been studied thoroughly. His first table was put on a sheet of paper with some gaps for unknown elements and he corrected the atomic weights for the elements which he thought were incorrect. All the missing elements were discovered later and all the atomic weights he thought wrong proved to be as he predicted! Now we are working on discovering the 119th of the Mendeleev table and there seems to be no limit. One of the elements discovered recently is named after Mendeleev. Were there any attempts to classify elements before and after his discovery?Yes, just a few. The earliest was based on two large groups of acid-forming and base-forming elements. However, this broad classification proved inadequate. The second made a distinction between metals and non-metals. But it turned out to be inconsistent. The German chemist Lothar Meyer put forward similar proposals shortly after Mendeleev, but criticized Mendeleev’s predictions of incorrect atomic weights of some elements. Can the Mendeleev periodic table be regarded as a law of nature?No one can deny that. It has been verified many times decades after Mendeleev’s deathin 1907. Now it’s as valuable as the work of Copernicus in astronomy or Einstein’s theory of relativity.Was Mendeleev nominated for a Nobel prize?Yes, three times –in 1905, 1906, 1907. Unfortunately, he failed to get a prize due to the long time that had passed since his discovery and the time when Nobel prizes were first introduced in 1901.
1.1901 –Mendeleev died( ) True( ) False
2.118 –the current number of elements in the periodic table ( ) True( ) False
3.1917 –the second time Mendeleev was nominated for the Nobel Prize ( ) True( ) False
4.1903 –Nobel prizes were first introduced ( ) True( ) False
5.3 –nominations of the scientist for the Nobel prize ( ) True( ) False
Task 2For questions (1-6), read the following text and then choose from the list given below the best phrase to fill each of the numbered spaces. Each correct phrase may only be used once. Some of the suggested answers do not fit at all.There is an example for you
Интересные задания 9-11 класс
READINGTime: 20 minutesMaximum points –15 pointsRead a BBC article and answer questions.Profile: Yuri GagarinBy Paul Rincon and Katia Moskvitch Science reporters, BBC NewsOn 12 April 1961, manned space travel escaped the pages of fanciful fiction and arrived blazing into the here-and-now.The first space flight was a triumph for the Soviet Union and a political and diplomatic setback for the US. But Yuri Gagarin was an instant history-maker whose achievement transcended the politics of the time.He was born in the village of Klushino, outside Moscow; his father was a carpenter, while his mother worked as a milkmaid. His family, like many others, had suffered at the hands of the Nazis in World War II. During the German occupation, the Gagarins were forced out of their home and had to live in a tiny «mud hut» nearby. Yuri’s brother Valentin and his sister Zoya were deported to labour camps in Poland.When the future cosmonaut was just 13, he moved with his family to the city of Gzhatsk. His father dismantled the house in Klushino, moved it to the city and rebuilt it there. Friends and family remember a fun-loving boy, fond of pranks, but also keen on his studies. Yelena Kozlova taught Gagarin botany while the future cosmonaut was at school in the city. Now 91, she recalls that Yuri’s favourite subjects were maths and physics: «No-one was able to resist his smile! And girls always liked him, too,» she explained.Gagarin initially graduated from trade school as a foundryman. But he later chose to pursue his studies, enrolling for a technical degree at the Saratov Technical College. While studying here, Gagarin learnt to fly with the local «aero club».»When he was a student at the Saratov Technical College, he didn’t have much money, and tomake some extra cash he had to work part-time as a dock labourer on the Volga River -and he used the money to buy presents for his family,» his niece Tamara Filatova told BBC News.In 1955, Yuri Gagarin entered the Orenburg Pilot School, and upon graduation joined the Soviet Air Force as a lieutenant. It was here that he met his wife, Valentina, a graduate of the Orenburg Medical School. Soon after the couple married, Gagarin began a tour of duty as a fighter pilot.In 1960, Gagarin -along with 19 others-was selected as a candidate for the Soviet space programme. «Gagarin was a very clever young man. He was head and shoulders above all the other cosmonauts,» says Reg Turnill, the BBC’s aerospace
Всероссийская олимпиада школьников по английскому языку 2020–2021уч. г.Школьный этап. 9–11 классы4correspondent from 1958-1975. «He was so quick to learn and had such an easy personality that he was very popular among the top brass, because he could be relied on to play ball and not to give away any secrets.»The pool of 19 was eventually whittled down to two: Gagarin and fellow test pilot Gherman Titov. Somehave suggested that Gagarin’s relatively humble background may have given him the edge over Titov.On the morning of 12 April 1961, the 27-year-old Gagarin blasted off atop a 30m-high rocket from the Tyuratam Missile Range (now Baikonur Cosmodrome).’Herewe go’The story goes that Gagarin yelled «poyekhali» («here we go») as his rocket blasted off from Earth. For many, the line embodied the impatience of all those who had for decades dreamed of exploring space. During the historic 108-minute orbital flight, Gagarin was able to consume food through squeeze tubes and kept mission control updated on his condition using a high-frequency radio and a telegraph key.The mission came perilously close to disaster. During re-entry, cables linking the spacecraft’s descent module to the service module failed to separate. This caused violent shaking during the fiery re-entry through the Earth’s atmosphere.Gagarin baled out before his capsule hit the ground and parachuted to a safe landing near the Volga River. He was subsequently bestowed the title of Hero of the Soviet Union by the USSR’s leader Nikita Khrushchev. Overnight, Gagarin achieved international renown. He toured the world in style, signed autographs, rubbed shoulders with world leaders and once happened to kiss the Italian film star Gina Lollobrigida.Final flightOn 28 March 1968, Gagarin was killed on a routine training flight. He was 34 years old. His MiG-15UTI went into a dive and crashed into forest near the town of Kirzach, north-east of Moscow. Gagarin’s co-pilot Vladimir Seregin was also killed. The cause of the crash is unknown, and many conspiracy theories have grown up in the intervening years. Among the more credible theories is that proposed by fellow cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, who believes that a Sukhoi jet –flying below its minimum altitude –passed within metres of Gagarin’s plane. This triggered turbulence which sent the MiG into a spin from which it did not recover. Alternatively, a cabin air vent may have been left open by the crew or a previous pilot and this may have led to oxygen deprivation and an inability to control the aircraft.Whatever the cause of the crash, since Gagarin’s epochal flight in 1961, more than 500 people have flown in space. They all follow in the footsteps of the slightyoung man from Klushino who took a leap into the unknown some 60 years ago.For questions 1-8, сhoose option TRUE if the statement agrees with the information given in the text; FALSE if the statement contradicts the information given in the text or if there is no information given in the text.
1.The first space flight brought Gagarin global fame in no time.( ) True( ) False
2.The Gagarins moved to Gzhatsk as they didn’t want to live in their house any longer after it had been dishonoured by the Nazi occupation.( ) True( ) False
3.Yuri Gagarin learned to fly a plane at the Saratov Technical College.( ) True( ) False
4.He met his wife after his graduation from the Orenburg Pilot School.( ) True( ) False
5.It is common knowledge that Yuri Gagarin’s social origin got him a head start over the other candidates for the Soviet space programme.( ) True( ) False
6.The first space flight took less than two hours.( ) True( ) False
7.Gagarin’s capsule landedsafely near the Volga River.( ) True( ) False
8.Gagarin died in an air crash when his plane collided with another one.( ) True( ) FalseChoose option which best fits according to the text.
9.What are we told about the family of Yuri Gagarin in the second paragraph? ( ) There were three children in the family in the time of World War II.( ) Yuri’s siblings grew up in Poland.( ) The Gagarins were forced out of Klushino by the Nazi invaders.( ) Gagarin was not a native of Moscow.
10.Yuri’s school teacher says that he…( ) used to play tricks on his friends.( ) loved technical disciplines at school.( ) used to smile a lot.( ) was keen on botany.
11.Reg Turnill remembers that Yuri Gagarin was…( ) taller than the other cosmonauts.( ) good at playing ball games.( ) not secretive.( ) favoured by senior ranks.
12.Gagarin’s “poyekhali” (“here we go”) ( ) reflects the aspiration to explore space.( ) was the signal to launch the rocket.( ) was translated into many languages.( ) was broadcast live.
13.Which one of the listed activities did Gagarin not do during his flight?( ) reporting his state of health to the control centre( ) maintaining radio contact with the earth( ) eating( ) controlling his flight
14.Which one of the listed events CANNOT be regarded as a LOGICAL follow-up of the first orbit flight?( ) Gagarin was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.( ) Gagarin kissed Gina Lollobrigida.( ) Gagarin became world-famous.( ) Gagarin met the diplomatic establishment as part of his world tour.
15.Which one of the following statements is true according to the text?( ) The cause of the crash of Gagarin’s plane is still not clear.( ) It has been proved that a previous pilot had left the cabin air vent open.( ) Alexey Leonov has evidence that another plane caused turbulence which sent Gagarin’s plane into a deadly spin.( ) Vladimir Seregin was the only one who survived the crash.
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